What is ethical hacking, and how does it work?

Ethical hacking, also known as “white hat” hacking, is the process of identifying and exploiting vulnerabilities in a computer system or network in order to assess its security and provide recommendations for improving it. Ethical hacking is done with the permission and knowledge of the organization or individual that owns the system being tested.

Ethical hacking aims to find flaws in a system before malevolent hackers may take advantage of them. The same tools and methods used by malevolent hackers are also used by ethical hackers, but their objective is to enhance security rather than cause harm.

Here’s how ethical hacking typically works.

Planning and reconnaissance

The target system or network is investigated by the ethical hacker in order to acquire data that could be utilized to find weaknesses. This could consist of information such as IP addresses, domain names, network topology and other pertinent facts.


In order to find open ports, services and other details about the target system that could be utilized to launch an attack, the ethical hacker uses scanning tools.


To acquire unauthorized access, the ethical hacker searches the target system for more specific information, such as user accounts, network shares and other specifics.

Vulnerability analysis

To find weaknesses in the target system, such as out-of-date software, incorrectly configured settings or weak passwords, the ethical hacker uses both automated tools and human procedures.


The ethical hacker looks to take advantage of vulnerabilities once found in order to obtain unauthorized access to the target system or network.


Ultimately, the ethical hacker records the flaws that were found and offers suggestions for enhancing security. The company or individual will then use this report to resolve the system’s or network’s security flaws and enhance overall security.

For businesses and individuals that want to guarantee the security of their computer networks and systems, ethical hacking can be a useful tool. Ethical hackers can aid in the prevention of data breaches and other security problems by finding vulnerabilities before they can be exploited by criminal hackers.